Eleanor Roosevelt – (034)

34-Eleanor Roosevelt

Eleanor Roosevelt  –

Diplomat, U.S. First Lady (1884–1962)  – The wife of President Franklin D. Roosevelt, Eleanor Roosevelt changed the role of the first lady through her active participation in American politics.

✳︎ ✳︎ ✳︎

Anna Eleanor Roosevelt (/ˈɛlɨnɔr ˈroʊzəvɛlt/; October 11, 1884 – November 7, 1962) was an American politician, diplomat, and activist.

She was the longest-serving First Lady of the United States, holding the post from March 1933 to April 1945 during her husband President Franklin D. Roosevelt’s four terms in office. President Harry S. Truman later called her the “First Lady of the World” in tribute to her human rights achievements.

A member of the Roosevelt and Livingston families, Eleanor had an unhappy childhood, suffering the deaths of both parents and one of her brothers at a young age. At 15, she attended Allenwood Academy in London, and was deeply influenced by its feminist headmistress Marie Souvestre. Returning to the U.S., she married her fifth cousin once removed, Franklin Delano Roosevelt, in 1905. The Roosevelts’ marriage was complicated from the beginning by Franklin’s controlling mother, Sara, and after discovering Franklin’s affair with Lucy Mercer in 1918, Eleanor resolved to seek fulfillment in a public life of her own. She persuaded Franklin to stay in politics following his partial paralysis from polio, and began to give speeches and campaign in his place. After Franklin’s election as Governor of New York, Eleanor regularly made public appearances on his behalf. She also shaped the role of First Lady during her tenure and beyond.

Though widely respected in her later years, Roosevelt was a controversial First Lady for her outspokenness, particularly her stance on racial issues. She was the first presidential spouse to hold press conferences, write a syndicated newspaper column, and speak at a national convention. On a few occasions, she publicly disagreed with her husband’s policies. She launched an experimental community at Arthurdale, West Virginia, for the families of unemployed miners, later widely regarded as a failure. She advocated for expanded roles for women in the workplace, the civil rights of African Americans and Asian Americans, and the rights of World War II refugees.

Following her husband’s death, Eleanor remained active in politics for the rest of her life. She pressed the United States to join and support the United Nations and became one of its first delegates.

Political party: Democratic

Spouse:  Franklin D. Roosevelt(m. 1905–1945; his death)

Eleanor Roosevelt  – [Wikipedia ➜ Eleanor Roosevelt ]

34-Eleanor Roosevelt d

 

 

Quotes by  Eleanor Roosevelt :

“No matter how plain a woman may be, if truth and loyalty are stamped upon her face, all will be attracted to her.”

“It is better to light a candle than curse the darkness.”

“You gain strength, courage and confidence by every experience in which you really stop to look fear in the face …You must do the thing you think you cannot do.”

“I was a solemn child, without beauty and painfully shy.”

It isn’t enough to talk about peace. One must believe in it. And it isn’t enough to believe in it. One must work at it.

Life was meant to be lived, and curiosity must be kept alive. One must never, for whatever reason, turn his back on life.

You get more joy out of the giving to others, and should put a good deal of thought into the happiness you are able to give.

“We need not fear any isms if our democracy is achieving the ends for which it was established.”

Happiness is not a goal, it is a by-product. Paradoxically, the one sure way not to be happy is deliberately to map out a way of life in which one would please oneself completely and exclusively.

It takes courage to love, but pain through love is the purifying fire which those who love generously know. We all know people who are so much afraid of pain that they shut themselves up like clams in a shell and, giving out nothing, receive nothing and therefore shrink until life is a mere living death.

Will people ever be wise enough to refuse to follow bad leaders or to take away the freedom of other people?

It is not fair to ask of others what you are unwilling to do yourself

–  Figura  –

Eleanor Roosevelt –  [Wikipedia – PortuguêsEleanor Roosevelt – ]

 

Eleanor Roosevelt –   [biography.com ➜ Eleanor Roosevelt – ]  

34-Eleanor Roosevelt e in school portrait

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