Yuri Gagarin – Yuri Alekseyevich Gagarin was a Soviet pilot and cosmonaut. He was the first human to journey into outer space, when his Vostok spacecraft completed an orbit of the Earth on 12 April 1961. Wikipedia
Born: March 9, 1934, Klushino, RussiaDied: March 27, 1968, Kirzhach, RussiaSpace missions: Vostok 1Full name: Yuri Alekseyevich GagarinHeight: 5′ 2″ (1.57 m).
Iuri Alekseievitch Gagarin [em russo: Юрий Алексеевич ГагаринNota 1 ] (* Kluchino, 9 de março de 1934 — † Kirjatch, 27 de março de 1968) foi um cosmonauta soviético e o primeiro homem a viajar pelo espaço, em 12 de abril de 19611 , a bordo da Vostok 1, que tinha 4,4 m de comprimento, 2,4 m de diâmetro e pesava 4.725 quilos kg2 . Esta espaçonave possuía dois módulos: o módulo de equipamentos (com instrumentos, antenas, tanques e combustível para os retrofoguetes) e a cápsula onde ficou o cosmonauta.
“I am a friend, comrades, a friend!” — First words upon returning to earth, to a woman and a girl near where his capsule landed (12 April 1961) The woman asked: “Can it be that you have come from outer space?” to which Gagarin replied: “As a matter of fact, I have!” As quoted in The Air Up There : More Great Quotations on Flight (2003) by Dave English, p. 118
“Orbiting Earth in the spaceship, I saw how beautiful our planet is. People, let us preserve and increase this beauty, not destroy it!” — Russian phrase, handwritten and signed after his historic spaceflight, photo of facsimile published in Syny goluboi planety 3rd.edition (1981) by L. Lebedev, A. Romanov, and B/ Luk’ianov; the first edition was translated into English as Sons of the Blue Planet (1973) by L. A. Lebedev
A little more about Yuri Gagarin:
On 27 March 1968, while on a routine training flight from Chkalovsky Air Base, he and flight instructor Vladimir Seryogin died in a MiG-15UTI crash near the town of Kirzhach. The bodies of Gagarin and Seryogin were cremated and the ashes were buried in the walls of the Kremlin on Red Square.