Born: August 26, 1910, Skopje, Republic of Macedonia
Died: September 5, 1997, Kolkata, India
Full name: Anjezë Gonxhe Bojaxhiu
Education: Loreto Abbey, Rathfarnham (1928–1929)
Awards: Nobel Peace Prize, Bharat Ratna, Presidential Medal of Freedom, Padma Shri, Congressional Gold Medal, Honorary citizen of the United States, Jawaharlal Nehru Award for International Understanding, Balzan Prize, Pacem in Terris Award, Pope John XXIII Peace Prize, Golden Honour of the Nation, Ramon Magsaysay Award for Peace and International Understanding, Albert Schweitzer International Prize, Honorary Companions of the Order of Australia
➙ [Biography.com] – Mother Teresa (baptized August 27, 1910, in Skopje, Macedonia) taught in India for 17 years before she experienced her 1946 “call within a call” to devote herself to caring for the sick and poor. Her order established a hospice; centers for the blind, aged, and disabled; and a leper colony. She was summoned to Rome in 1968, and in 1979 received the Nobel Peace Prize for her humanitarian work.
➙ [Wikipedia-PORT]– Agnes Gonxha Bojaxhiu (Skopje, 26 de agosto de 1910 — Calcutá, 5 de setembro de 1997), conhecida mundialmente como Madre Teresa de Calcutá ou Beata Teresa de Calcutá, M.C. foi uma missionária católica de etnia albanesa, nascida no Império Otomano, na capital da atual República da Macedônia e naturalizada indiana, beatificada pela Igreja Católica em 2003. Considerada, por alguns, a missionária do século XX, fundou a congregação “Missionárias da Caridade”, tornando-se conhecida ainda em vida pelo cognome de “Santa das sarjetas”.
“But I feel that the greatest destroyer of peace today is abortion, because it is a war against the child, a direct killing of the innocent child, murder by the mother herself. And if we accept that a mother can kill even her own child, how can we tell other people not to kill one another? … By abortion, the mother does not learn to love, but kills even her own child to solve her problems. And, by abortion, that father is told that he does not have to take any responsibility at all for the child he has brought into the world. The father is likely to put other women into the same trouble. So abortion just leads to more abortion. Any country that accepts abortion is not teaching its people to love, but to use any violence to get what they want. This is why the greatest destroyer of love and peace is abortion.” – Mother Teresa
“Holiness is not the luxury of the few; it is a simply duty, for you and for me, because Jesus has very clearly stated, “Be ye holy as my father in heaven is holy.” So let us pray for each other that we grow in love for each other, and through this love become holy as Jesus wants us to be for he died out of love for us.” – Mother Teresa
Mother Teresa was born Agnes Gonxha Bojaxhiu in Skopje*, Macedonia, on August 26**, 1910. Her family was of Albanian descent.
At the age of eighteen she left her parental home in Skopje and joined the Sisters of Loreto, an Irish community of nuns with missions in India.
After a few months’ training in Dublin she was sent to India, where on May 24, 1931, she took her initial vows as a nun.
From 1931 to 1948 Mother Teresa taught at St. Mary’s High School in Calcutta, but the suffering and poverty she glimpsed outside the convent walls made such a deep impression on her that in 1948 she received permission from her superiors to leave the convent school and devote herself to working among the poorest of the poor in the slums of Calcutta.
On October 7, 1950, Mother Teresa received permission from the Holy See to start her own order, “The Missionaries of Charity”, whose primary task was to love and care for those persons nobody was prepared to look after. In 1965 the Society became an International Religious Family by a decree of Pope Paul VI.
Mother Teresa’s work has been recognised and acclaimed throughout the world and she has received a number of awards and distinctions, including the Pope John XXIII Peace Prize (1971) and the Nehru Prize for her promotion of international peace and understanding (1972). She also received the Balzan Prize (1979) and the Templeton and Magsaysay awards.
From Nobel Lectures, Peace 1971-1980, Editor-in-Charge Tore Frängsmyr, Editor Irwin Abrams, World Scientific Publishing Co., Singapore, 1997
* Former Uskup, a town in the Ottoman Empire.
** Mother Teresa’s date of birth is disputed: “So unconcerned was she about accuracy in relation to the chronicling of her own life, and so disinclined actually to read anything written about her, that for many years and in a succession of books her birthdate was erroneously recorded as 27 August 1910. It even appeared in the Indian Loreto Entrance Book as her date of birth. In fact, as she confided to her friend, co-worker and American author, Eileen Egan, that was the date on which she was christened Agnes Gonxha Bojaxhiu. The date which marked the beginning of her Christian life was undoubtedly the more important to Mother Teresa, but she was none the less actually born in Skopje, Serbia, on the previous day.” (Spink, Kathryn: Mother Teresa: A Complete Authorized Biography, HarperSanFrancisco, 1997.
Mother Teresa died on September 5, 1997.
Copyright © The Nobel Foundation 1979 — MLA style: “Mother Teresa – Biography“. Nobelprize.org. 4 Aug 2012